Mengatakan yang Tak Terkatakan

Teologi Apofatik Thomas Aquinas


  • Fransiskus Guna


apophatik , Allah yang tak dikenal , pengetahuan , ketidakmungkinan , kesadaran


In the tradition of Christian theology, the term „apophatic? (negative) theology has been treated as one of two fundamental ways of speaking of God. The other is „cataphatic? (affirmative) theology. The first one, the negative way of speaking of the unknown God, that I am working on in this article strongly remarks that the only thing we can say about God is not what God is but what God is not. Biblical and patristic notions of the apophatic way serve as the basic foundations of doing such a theological approach. On that foundations Thomas Aquinas, one of the outstanding theologian of the high Middle Ages, built up his own apophatic theology. However, to understand Aquinas as an apophatic theologian might cause some confusion since the core of Aquinas?s apophatic theology is not a lack of knowledge or the impossibility of knowledge, but the constant awareness of deus semper maior. His apophatic theology does not mean that one cannot truthfully speak of God, but that that speaking always is


Download data is not yet available.


Aquinas, Thomas. 2005. De Potentia. New York: Oxford University Press.

______. 2012. De Veritate. New York: Cambridge University Press.

______. 1992. In Boethius De Trinitate. Leiden: Brill

______. 1996. In Liber de Causis. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.

______. 2003. Summa Contra Gentiles. Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.

______. 1948. Summa Theologiae. New York: Christian Classics.

______. 1994. Super Librum Dionysii de Divinis Nominibus. Tennessee: Vanderbilt University.

Areopagite, Pseudo Dionisyus. 1999. The Divine Names and Mystical Theology, Terjemahan Inggris oleh John D. Jones. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Marquette University Press,

Basil of Caesarea. 2011. Against Eunomius. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.

Beeley, Christopher A. 2008. Gregory of Nazianzus on the Trinity and the Knowledge of God. New York: Oxford University Press

Carabine, Deirdre.1995. The Unknown God. Negative Theology in the Platonic Tradition: Plato to Eriugena. Louvain, Belgia: Peeters Press.

Chenu, O.P. M.D. 1964. Toward Undersanding St. Thomas. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company.

Colson and Witaker (trs). 1985. Philo. Massachusetts: Havard University Press.

Conway-Jones, Ann. 2014. Gregory of Nyssa’s Tabernacle Imagery in its Jewish and Christian Contexts. New York: Oxford University Press.

Davie, Martin cs (eds). 2016. New Dictionary of Theology. Historical and Systematic. Illioni: InterVarsity Press.

Delcogliano, Mark. 2010. Basil of Caesarea’s Anti-Eunomian Theory of Names. Christian Theology and Late-Antique Philosophy in the Fourth Century Trinitarian Controversy. Leiden: Brill.

Emilsson, Eyjólfur K. 2017. Plotinus. New York: Routledge.

Eunomius. 1987. The Extant Works. Teks dan terjemahan oleh Richard Paul Vaggione. New York: Oxford University Press.

Frede, Michael. 1999. “Stoic Epistemology,” dalam Keimpe Algra Cs. (eds), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gregory of Nyssa. 2007. Contra Eunomius II, Leiden: Brill, Leiden.

______. 1987. The Life of Moses. New York: Paulist Press.

______. 2017. In Canticum Canticorum. Leiden: Brill.

Hadas-Lebel, Mireille. 2012. Philo of Alexandria. A Thinker in the Jewish Diaspora. Leiden: Brill.

Lampe, G. W. H. 1961. A Patristic Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon.

Marsh, Harry C.1994. Cosmic Structure and the Knowledge of God: Thomas Aquinas’ In Librum Beati Dionysii de Divinis Nominibus Expositio. Tennessee: Vanderbilt University.

Nigosian, S.A. 1993. The Zoroastrian Faith. Tradition and Modern Research. Canada: McGill-Queen's University Press

Radde-Gallwitz, Andrew. 2009. Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rorem, Paul. 2015. The Dionysian Mystical Theology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Sammon, Brendan Thomas. 2014. God Who is Beauty. Beauty as a Divine Name in Thomas Aquinas and Dionysius the Areopagite. UK: James Clarke & Co.

St?pie?, Tomasz & Kocha?czyk-Boni?ska, Karolina. 2018. Unknown God, Known in His Activities. Incomprehensibility of God during the Trinitarian Controversy of the 4th Century. Berlin: Peter Lang.